"Seng-thài-ha̍k" pán-pún chi-kan bô-kāng--ê tē-hng

無編輯摘要
~ (bot ka-thiam: fiu-vro:Ökoloogia
[[File:ErnstHaeckel.jpg|thumb|256px|[[Ernst Haeckel]] tī 1886 hoat-bêng [[seng-thài-ha̍k]] ([[Tek-gí]]: ''Ökologie'') chit ê gí-sû.]]
'''Seng-thài-ha̍k''' sī leh gián-kiù [[seng-thài-hē]] (ecosystem) ê [[kho-ha̍k]], khiā kóng [[oa̍h-mi̍h]] kap i khiā-khí ê chū-jiân khoân-kéng chái-iūⁿ [[hō͘-tōng]] (interaction). Khoân-kéng pau-hâm khiā toà kāng 1 ê seng-thài-hē, ū sìⁿ-miā ê chióng chióng oa̍h-mi̍h kap [[bô-sìⁿ-miā]] (abiotic) ê [[pha̍k-ji̍t]] (insolation), [[khì-haū]], [[tē-chit]], ....
 
{{commonscat|Ecology}}
 
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