"Namibia" pán-pún chi-kan bô-kāng--ê tē-hng

無編輯摘要
無編輯摘要
無編輯摘要
{{Infobox country
|conventional_long_name = Namibia Kiōng-hô-kok
|common_name = Namibia
|native_name = {{lang|en|Republic of Namibia}}
|common_name = Namibia
|image_flag = Flag of Namibia.svg
|image_coat = Coat of Arms of Namibia.svg
 
|national_motto = "Unity, Liberty, Justice"
|national_motto = {{lang|en|Unity, Liberty, Justice}}<br>"thoân-kiat, chū-iû, chèng-gī"
|national_anthem = "[[Namibia, Land of the Brave]]"
|national_anthem = {{lang|en|Namibia, Land of the Brave}}<br>"Namibia, ióng-kám ê thó͘-tē"<br><div class="center" style="margin-top:0.4em;">[[File:Namibian national anthem, performed by the United States Navy Band.oga]]</div>
|image_map = Location Namibia AU Africa.svg
|map_caption =
|map_caption = {{map caption |countryprefix= |location_color=dark blue |region=Africa |region_color=dark grey |subregion=the [[African Union]] |subregion_color=light blue}}
 
|capital = [[Windhoek]]
|largest_city = [[Windhoek]]
|coordinates = {{Coord|22|34.2|S|17|5.167|E|type:city}}
 
|largest_city = capital
|official_languages = [[English language|EnglishEng-gí]]
|national_languages =
|national_languages = [[Afrikaans]] <br />[[Khoekhoe language]] <br />[[German language|German]] <br />[[Herero language]] <br />[[Oshiwambo]]<br />[[Rukwangali]]<br />[[Setswana]] <br />[[Silozi]] <ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2098.html |title=CIA World Factbook |publisher=Central Intelligence Agency, US |accessdate=21 February 2016}}</ref>
|regional_languages = {{bulleted list
 
| [[Afrikaans]]
|ethnic_groups =
| [[German language|German]]
|ethnic_groups_year =
| [[!Kung language|Ju'hoansi]]
|ethnic_groups_ref =
| [[Khoekhoe language|Khoekhoegowab]]
|religion =
| [[Ovambo language|Oshikwanyama]]
|religion_year =
| [[Ovambo language|Oshindonga]]
|religion_ref =
| [[Herero language|Otjiherero]]
 
| [[Kwangali language|Rukwangali]]
|government_type = [[tan-it-chè]], [[it-tóng iu-sè-chè|it-tóng iu-sè]], [[poàn-chóng-thóng-chè]], [[kiōng-hô-kok]]
| [[Rumanyo language|Rumanyo]]
|leader_title1 = chóng-thóng
| [[Tswana language|Setswana]]
| [[Lozi language|Silozi]]
| [[Mbukushu language|Thimbukushu]]
}}
|ethnic_groups = Ethnic groups:
{{bulleted list
| [[Owambo people|Ovambo]] : 49.5%
| [[Kavango people|Kavango]]: 9.2%
| [[coloured]] (including [[baster]]s): 8%
| [[Herero people|Herero]]: 7%
| [[Damara (people)|Damara]]: 7%
| [[White Namibians|Namibian whites]]: 7.0%
| [[Nama people|Nama]]: 4.7%
| [[Lozi people|Lozi]] (Caprivian): 3.5%
| [[San people|San]]: 3%
| [[Tswana people|Tswana]]: 0.6%
| others: 0.5%
}}
|ethnic_groups_year = 2014
|demonym = Namibian
|government_type = {{nowrap|[[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Semi-presidential system|semi-presidential]]}} [[republic]]<ref name="Draft">{{cite journal |last=Shugart |first=Matthew Søberg |date=September 2005 |title=Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns |url=http://dss.ucsd.edu/~mshugart/semi-presidentialism.pdf |dead-url= |journal=Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies |location=United States |publisher=University of California, San Diego |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080819200307/http://dss.ucsd.edu/~mshugart/semi-presidentialism.pdf |archive-date=19 August 2008 |pages= |access-date=4 September 2016 }}</ref><ref name="Dual">{{cite journal |last=Shugart |first=Matthew Søberg |date=December 2005 |title=Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns |url=http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1057%2Fpalgrave.fp.8200087.pdf |journal=French Politics |publisher=Palgrave Macmillan Journals |volume=3 |issue=3 |pages=pp. 323–351 |doi=10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087 |access-date=4 September 2016 |quote=Of the contemporary cases, only four provide the assembly majority an unrestricted right to vote no confidence, and of these, only two allow the president unrestricted authority to appoint the prime minister. These two, Mozambique and Namibia, as well as the Weimar Republic, thus resemble most closely the structure of authority depicted in the right panel of Figure 3, whereby the dual accountability of the cabinet to both the president and the assembly is maximized. (...) Namibia allows the president to dissolve ''[the assembly]'' at any time but places a novel negative incentive on his exercise of the right: He must stand for a new election at the same time as the new assembly elections.}}</ref>
|leader_title1 = [[President of Namibia|President]]
|leader_name1 = [[Hage Geingob]]
|leader_title2 = [[Vice-President of Namibia|Vicechóng-President]]thóng
|leader_name2 = [[Nangolo Mbumba]]
|leader_title3 = [[Prime Minister of Namibia|Prime Minister]]chóng-lí
|leader_name3 = [[Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila]]
|leader_title4 = hù-chóng-lí
|legislature = [[Parliament of Namibia|Parliament]]
|leader_name4 = [[Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah]]
|upper_house = [[National Council (Namibia)|National Council]]
|leader_title5 = Choè-ko hoat-koaⁿ
|lower_house = [[National Assembly (Namibia)|National Assembly]]
|leader_name5 = [[Peter Shivute]]
|sovereignty_type = Independence from [[South Africa]]
 
|legislature = Gī-hoē
|upper_house = Kok-bîn Phêng-gī-hoē
|lower_house = Kok-bîn Gī-hoē
|sovereignty_type =
|sovereignty_note =
|area_km2 = 825,615
|area_rank = 34th34
|area_footnote =
|area_sq_mi = 318,696 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|percent_water = negligible
|population_estimate =
|population_estimate = 2,550,226
|population_census = 2,113,077<ref name=geo>{{cite web |url=http://www.geohive.com/cntry/namibia.aspx |title=GeoHive – Namibia population |publisher=GeoHive |accessdate=12 December 2013}}</ref>
|population_estimate_rank = 140
|population_estimate_year =
|population_estimate_year = 2020
|population_estimate_rank =
|population_census = 2,113,077
|population_census_rank =
|population_census_year = 2011
|population_density_km2 = 23.542
|population_density_rank = 235
|population_density_sq_mi = 6.6 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|population_density_rank = 235th
|GDP_PPP = $23.855 cha̍p-ek
|GDP_PPP = $27.035&nbsp;billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web |url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=40&pr.y=6&sy=2016&ey=2021&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=728&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=|title=Namibia |publisher=International Monetary Fund }}</ref>
|GDP_PPP_rank =
|GDP_PPP_year = 2016
|GDP_PPP_year = 2021
|GDP_PPP_rank =
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $119,756<ref name=imf2/>542
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
 
|GDP_nominal = $10.183&nbsp;billion<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_nominal = $10.927 cha̍p-ek
|GDP_nominal_year = 2016
|GDP_nominal_rank =
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $4,427<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_nominal_year = 2021
|Gini = 59.7 <!-- number only -->
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $4,371
|Gini_year = 2009
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
|Gini_change = <!-- increase/decrease/steady -->
 
|Gini_ref =<ref name=undppov>{{cite web|title=Economic Policy and Poverty Unit|url=http://www.undp.org.na/economic-policypoverty.aspx|publisher=UNDP Namibia|accessdate=10 September 2013}}</ref>
|Gini = 59.1
|Gini_change =
|Gini_rank =
|Gini_year = 2015
|HDI = 0.628 <!-- number only -->
|Gini_ref =
|HDI_year = 2014 <!-- Please use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year -->
|HDI_change = increase <!-- increase/decrease/steady -->
|HDI = 0.646
|HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf |title=2015 Human Development Report |year=2015 |accessdate=15 December 2015 |publisher=United Nations Development Programme }}</ref>
|HDI_change = increase
|HDI_rank = 126th
|HDI_rank = 130
|currency = [[Namibian dollar]]
|HDI_year = 2019
|currency_code = NAD
|HDI_ref =
|time_zone = [[West Africa Time|WAT]]
|utc_offset = +1
|currency = [[Namibia dollar]] ([[ISO 4217|NAD]])<br>[[Lâm-hui rand]] ([[ISO 4217|ZAR]])
|utc_offset_DST = +2
|currency_code =
|time_zone_DST = [[West Africa Summer Time|WAST]]
|drives_on = [[Right- and left-hand traffic#Left-hand traffic|left]]
|time_zone =
|calling_code = [[+264]]
|utc_offset = +2
|time_zone_DST =
|utc_offset_DST =
|DST_note =
|date_format =
|electricity =
|drives_on = chó
|cctld = [[.na]]
|footnote_aiso3166code = NA
|calling_code = +264
|area_magnitude = 1 E11
 
|country_code =
}}
'''Namibia Kiōng-hô-kok''' tiàm-tī [[Hui-chiu]] sai-lâm ("sai-lâm-hui"), [[Tāi-se-iûⁿ]] hái-hōaⁿ piⁿ--a. Keh-piah ū [[Angola]] (pak), [[Zambia]] (pak), [[Botswana]] (tang), [[Lâm-hui-kok]] (lâm). [[1990 nî]] thoat-lî [[Lâm-hui-kok]].
 
 
== Ki-pún chu-liāu ==
[[File:Namibia map.png|right|]]
* [[Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân]]: [[Eng-gí]]
* [[Siú-to͘]]: [[Windhoek]]
* Siāng-tōa ê siâⁿ-chhī: Windhoek
* [[Chóng-thóng]]: Hifikepunye Pohamba
* [[Chhōa-thâu ê pō͘-tiúⁿ]]: Nahas Angula
* [[Bīn-chek]]: 825,418 [[km²]] (pâi tē-33-ūi)
* [[Jîn-kháu]]:
** 1,820,916 ([[2002]])
** [[Jîn-kháu bi̍t-tō͘|Bi̍t-tō͘]]: 2.2/km²
* [http://ice.tsu.ru/index.php?view=category&catid=26&option=com_joomgallery&Itemid=40 Geological expedition to Namibia in March 2012, more than 300 photographs. Climate, ice, water and landscapes. In search of traces of megatsunami.]
{{hui-chiu}}
{{Authority control}}
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