Linux

(Tùi Linux kernel choán--lâi)

Linux sī 1-chióng chū-iû ê chok-gia̍p hē-thóng. Linux chit-ê bêng-sû si̍t-chāi sī chí Linux kernel ê pō·-hūn, chóng--sī chhiâng-chāi hō· lâng iōng lâi piáu-sī pau-koah kernel chāi-lāi ê kui-thò Unix-khoán (Unix-like) ê chok-gia̍p hē-thóng, hō·-chò GNU/Linux. GNU ê pō·-hūn chí GNU sū-kang thê-kiong ê chi̍p (library) kap ke-si-thâu-á.

Linux
Tux the penguin
Linux ê ang-á-phiau sī 1 chiah khiā-gô, hō-chò Tux.[1]
Developer Community contributors
Linus Torvalds
Written in C, assembly languages, and others
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release 1991 nî 9 goe̍h 17 ji̍t;​ 31 nî í-chêng​ (1991-09-17)
Repository git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/
Marketing target Cloud computing, embedded devices, mainframe computers, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, supercomputers
Available in Multilingual
Platforms Alpha, ARC, ARM, C6x, C-Sky, H8/300, Hexagon, IA-64, m68k, Microblaze, MIPS, Nios II, OpenRISC, PA-RISC, PowerPC, RISC-V, s390, SuperH, SPARC, x86, Xtensa
Kernel type Monolithic
Userland GNU[lower-alpha 1], BusyBox[lower-alpha 2]
Default
user interface
License GPLv2[9] and others (the name "Linux" is a trademark[lower-alpha 3])
Official website kernel.org
Articles in the series
Linux kernel
Linux distribution

Tsù-sikSiu-kái

  1. GNU is the primary userland used in nearly all Linux distributions.[2][3][4] The GNU userland contains system daemons, user applications, the GUI, and various libraries. GNU Core utilities are an essential part of most distributions. Most Linux distributions use the X Window system.[5] Other components of the userland, such as the widget toolkit, vary with the specific distribution, desktop environment, and user configuration.[6]
  2. BusyBox is an alternative userland used in many embedded Linux distributions. BusyBox replaces most GNU Core utilities.[7] One notable Desktop distribution using BusyBox is Alpine Linux[8]
  3. "Linux" trademark is owned by Linus Torvalds[10] and administered by the Linux Mark Institute.

Tsù-káiSiu-kái

  1. Linux Online (2008). "Linux Logos and Mascots". goân-loē-iông tī August 15, 2010 hőng khó͘-pih. August 11, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. "GNU Userland". goân-loē-iông tī March 8, 2016 hőng khó͘-pih. 
  3. "Unix Fundamentals — System Administration for Cyborgs". goân-loē-iông tī October 5, 2016 hőng khó͘-pih. 
  4. "Operating Systems — Introduction to Information and Communication Technology". goân-loē-iông tī February 21, 2016 hőng khó͘-pih. 
  5. "The X Window System". goân-loē-iông tī January 20, 2016 hőng khó͘-pih. 
  6. "PCLinuxOS Magazine - HTML". goân-loē-iông tī May 15, 2013 hőng khó͘-pih. 
  7. "The Busybox about page". busybox.net. 
  8. "The Alpine Linux about page". alpinelinux.org. 
  9. "The Linux Kernel Archives: Frequently asked questions". kernel.org. September 2, 2014. goân-loē-iông tī September 5, 2015 hőng khó͘-pih. September 4, 2015 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. "U.S. Reg No: 1916230". United States Patent and Trademark Office. goân-loē-iông tī June 24, 2013 hőng khó͘-pih. April 1, 2006 khòaⁿ--ê. 

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