Copt jī-bó

Copt lī-bó (Coptic alphabet; 科普特字母) sī iōng-lâi kì-lo̍k Aiki̍p Copt-gí (Coptic language) ê lī-bó. Lī-hîng guân-tsū Hilia̍p lī-bó kah sè-sio̍k-thé lī-bó. Copt lībó sī tē-it tsióng kì-lo̍k Aiki̍p-gí ê lī-bó kiat-kòo ê bûn-lī. M̄-kū bô kāng-khuán Copt-gí ê hong-giân kah tshì hong-gên (subdialect), in-ê su-siá hē-thóng sī tshái-iōng bô kāng-khuán ê Copt lī-bó.

Copt lī-bó
Coptic-render.svg
Script type
Time period
A.D. tē-lī sè-kí [1] kàu bo̍k-tsîng (sú-iōng teh Copt kî-thok-kàu kàu-tn̂g ê gî-sik lāi-té)
Su-siá hong-hiòng Iù tò-pîng kàu tsìng-pîng
Languages Copt-gí
Related scripts
Parent systems
Child systems
Kòo Nubian-gí
ISO 15924
ISO 15924 Copt, 204 Edit this on Wikidata, ​Coptic
Unicode
Unicode alias
Coptic
_BLANK_
 This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.
Copt-gí lóng-tsóng 31-ê jī-bó.

Jī-bó-pióSiu-kái

Copt jī-bó tsú-iàu í Hilia̍p-Jībó tsò ki-tshóo, ū 24-ê jī-bó sī-uì Hilia̍p-Jībó lâi--ê, līng-guā 6-ê hi̍k-tsiá 7-ê (ài khuànn bô kâng-khuán ê hong-giân lâi kuat-tīng) iû sè-sio̍k-thé ián-huà lâi--ê. M̄-ku Copt Wikipedia sóo tshái-iōng--ê jī-bó sī-í "Unicode tuā-sió siá" ê piau-tsún uî-tsú.

Kòo-tiàm tuā-siá jī-bó Kòo-tiàm sió-siá jī-bó Unicode Tuā-siá Unicode Sió-siá Piáu-sī sòo-ti̍t Bîng-tshing Hilia̍p tíng-ti̍t jī-bó Tsuán-siá(IPA
    1 Alpha Α, α a [a, ʔ, ʕ]
    2 Bēta Β, β b, v [β~v]
    3 Gamma Γ, γ g [ɡ]
    4 Delta Δ, δ d [d]
    5 Ei Ε, ε e [i, e][note 1]
    6 So Ϛ, ϛ(Stigma
    7 Zēta Ζ, ζ z [z]
    8 Ēta Η, η ē / e [eː]
    9 Thēta Θ, θ th / t' [tʰ]
    10 Yota Ι, ι i [iː~j]
    20 Kappa Κ, κ k [k]
    30 Lamda Λ, λ l [l]
    40 Me Μ, μ m [m]
    50 Ne Ν, ν n [n]
    60 Eksi Ξ, ξ ks
    70 O Ο, ο o [o]
    80 Pi Π, π p [p]
    100 Ro Ρ, ρ r [r]
    200 Sima Σ, σ, ς s [s]
    300 Taw Τ, τ t [t]
    400 Epsilon Υ, υ u / ou [uː][note 2]
    500 Fi Φ, φ ph / p' [pʰ]
    600 Khe Χ, χ kh [kʰ]
    700 Epsi Ψ, ψ ps
    800 Ōu Ω, ω ō / o [oː]
    Ϣ ϣ Shay (none) sh / š [ʃ]
    Ϥ ϥ 90 Fay Ϙ, ϙ(koppa
(form, number)
f [f]
    Ϧ(Ⳉ) ϧ(ⳉ)[note 3] Khay (none) x [x]
    Ϩ ϩ Hōri (none) h [h, ħ]
    Ϫ ϫ Janja (none) j / dzh [dʒ]
    Ϭ ϭ Tshēma Ϙ, ϙ(koppa
(function)
q / tsh [kʲ, tʃ][note 4]
    Ϯ ϯ Ti / De (none) ti / de [ti, de][note 5]
    900

Sè-sio̍k-thé ián-huà jî piàn-sîng ê jī-bóSiu-kái

Ē-liat sī-uì sè-sio̍k-thé ián-huà jî piàn-sîng ê jī-bó:

Sèng-su-thé Sè-sio̍k-thé Copt jī-bó
SA
  Ϣ š
f
  Ϥ f
M12
  Ϧ x
F18
Y1
  Ϩ h
U29
  Ϫ
k
  Ϭ q
D37
t
  Ϯ ti

Unicode pian-béSiu-kái

Teh tsá-kî pán-pún ê Unicode pian-bé lāi-té, Copt jī-bó kah sio-kâng ê Hilia̍p-Jībó sú-iōng kâng-khuán ê pian-bé. M̄-ku uì 2005-nî ê 4.1 pán khai-sí, copt jī-bó khai-sí thuat-lī Hilia̍p-Jībó, sin-ê copt jī-bó khu-tè ê huān-uî sī U+2C80 kàu U+2CFF. 。Hilia̍p bûn-jī khu-tè pau-kuat 7-ê iû sè-sio̍k-thé ián-huà lâi--ê copt jī-bó (pió-keh lāi-té khah kng ê sóo-tsai), in tehcopt bûn lāi-té mā-ū tshut-hiān.

Hiliap-gí kah Copt-gí[1][2]
Unicode liân-bîng pian-bé-pió (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+037x Ͱ ͱ Ͳ ͳ ʹ ͵ Ͷ ͷ ͺ ͻ ͼ ͽ ; Ϳ
U+038x ΄ ΅ Ά · Έ Ή Ί Ό Ύ Ώ
U+039x ΐ Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο
U+03Ax Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω Ϊ Ϋ ά έ ή ί
U+03Bx ΰ α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο
U+03Cx π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω ϊ ϋ ό ύ ώ Ϗ
U+03Dx ϐ ϑ ϒ ϓ ϔ ϕ ϖ ϗ Ϙ ϙ Ϛ ϛ Ϝ ϝ Ϟ ϟ
U+03Ex Ϡ ϡ Ϣ ϣ Ϥ ϥ Ϧ ϧ Ϩ ϩ Ϫ ϫ Ϭ ϭ Ϯ ϯ
U+03Fx ϰ ϱ ϲ ϳ ϴ ϵ ϶ Ϸ ϸ Ϲ Ϻ ϻ ϼ Ͻ Ͼ Ͽ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points
Copt jībó[1][2]
Kuann-hong Unicode liân-bîng pian-bé-pió (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+2C8x
U+2C9x
U+2CAx
U+2CBx ⲿ
U+2CCx
U+2CDx
U+2CEx
U+2CFx ⳿
Notes
1. ^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Jī-bó-pió tsù-káiSiu-kái

  1. In Sahidic dialect, it is [i], while, in Bohairic dialect, it is [e].
  2. The vowel /uː/ is commonly written with ⲟⲩ not alone.
  3. The additional letter xai is in Akhmimic and in Bohairic, both for a velar fricative /x/.
  4. Some scholars constructed its pronunciation as [kʲ], while others as [tʃ].
  5. In Sahidic dialect, it is [ti], while in Bohairic dialect, it is [de].

Tsù-káiSiu-kái

  1. Coptic alphabet/Great Russian Encyclopedia

Tsham-khó bûn-hènSiu-kái

  • Quaegebeur, Jan. 1982. "De la préhistoire de l'écriture copte." Orientalia lovaniensia analecta 13:125–136.
  • Kasser, Rodolphe. 1991. "Alphabet in Coptic, Greek". In The Coptic Encyclopedia, edited by Aziz S. Atiya. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, Volume 8. 30–32.
  • Kasser, Rodolphe. 1991. "Alphabets, Coptic". In The Coptic Encyclopedia, edited by Aziz S. Atiya. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, Volume 8. 32–41.
  • Kasser, Rodolphe. 1991. "Alphabets, Old Coptic". In The Coptic Encyclopedia, edited by Aziz S. Atiya. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, Volume 8. 41–45.
  • Wolfgang Kosack: Koptisches Handlexikon des Bohairischen. Koptisch - Deutsch - Arabisch. Verlag Christoph Brunner, Basel 2013, ISBN 978-3-9524018-9-7.
  • Пламли, Дж. М. Введение в коптскую грамматику (саидский диалект) / Пер. с англ., пред., прим. М. К. Трофимовой. М., 2001. (Gô-gú)

Tsham-ua̍tSiu-kái

Guā-pōo lên-ketSiu-kái

 

Wikimedia Commons téng ê siong-koan tóng-àn: Coptic script

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