Talysh-gú (phosu-gú: زبان تالشی; Tolışə Zıvon; Tолышә зывон; ing-gú: Talysh language),[3][4]Iran se-pak-pōo [en] ê gú-gên, teh Iran Gilan sìng hām Ardabil sìng pak-pōo tē-khu, í-kip Azerbaijan kiōng-hô-kok lâm-pōo tē-khu sú-iōng tsit khuán gú-gên, jîn-kháu liōng-kî-iok ū 500,000 -800,000 lâng. Talysh-gú kah Tati-gú (Iran) [en] bi̍t-tshet siong-kuan. Talysh-gú pau-kua tsiâñ-tsē hong-gên, thong-siông hun-uî sán-ê tsú-iàu tsi̍p-kûn: Pak-pōo (Azerbaijan hām Iran), Tiong-pōo (Iran) kah Lâm-pōo (Iran). Talysh-gú pōo-hūn m̄-ku m̄-sī uân-tsuân ē-sái lí-kái Phosu-gú. Talysh-gú hōo Lên-ha̍p-kok kàu-kho-bûn tsoo-tsit ê "Sè-kài pín-guî gú-gên tē-tôo-tsi̍p [en]" le̽t-uî "Jio̍k-sè gú-gên".[5]

Talysh-gú
Tolışə zıvon
Tолышә зывон
زبان تالشی
Talysh in Nastaliq, Latin Script, and Cyrillic Script.png
Talysh written in Nastaliq script (زبان تالشی), Latin script (Tolışə zıvon), and Cyrillic script (Tолышә зывон)
Goân-chū kok-ka Iran
Azerbaijan
Sú-iōng tē-khu Western and Southwestern Caspian Sea coastal strip
Bîn-cho̍k Talysh
bú-gí sú-iōng-chiá 912,000[1]
Gí-hē
Bûn-jī hē-thóng Arabic script (Persian alphabet) in Iran
Latin script in Azerbaijan
Cyrillic script in Russia
Koaⁿ-hong tē-ūi
Koán-lí ki-kò͘ Academy of Persian Language and Literature[bô chhut-chhù]
Gí-giân tāi-bé
ISO 639-3 tly
Glottolog taly1247
ELP Talysh
Linguasphere 58-AAC-ed
Talysh language dialects.svg
Che bûn-chiong pau-hâm IPA hû-hō. Nā-sī bô siong-koan ê jī-hêng chi-oān, lí khó-lêng ē khoàⁿ tio̍h būn-hō, hng-kheng ia̍h-sī khî-thaⁿ hû-hō, bô-hoat-tō͘ chèng-siông hián-sī Unicode jī-goân. Chhiáⁿ lí khoàⁿ Help:IPA.

Sû-luīSiu-kái

İng-gú Zazaki-gú [en] Kurmanji Kurdish-gú [en] Tiong-pōo (Taleshdulaei) Lâm-pōo (Khushabari / Shandermani) Tati [en] (Kelori / Geluzani) Talysh-gú Phosu-gú
big gird, pîl gir, mezin ? yâl yâl pilla bozorg, gat, (yal, pil)
boy, son laj / laz / lac law (boy), kur (son) zoa, zua zôa, zue zu'a, zoa Pesar
bride veyve bûk vayü vayu gēša, veyb vayu, vēi arus
cat pisîng, xone (tomcat) pisîk, kitik kete, pišik, piš peču peču, pešu, piši pešu gorbe, piši
cry (v) bermayen girîn bamē beramestē beramē beramesan geristan
daughter, girl (little) kêna/keyna, çêna [6] keç (girl), dot (daughter) kina, kela kilu, kela kina, kel(l)a kille, kilik doxtar
day roc, roz, roj roj rüž, ruj ruz ruz, roz ruz ruz
eat (v) werden xwarin hardē hardē hardē hardan xordan
egg hak hêk uva, muqna, uya âgla merqona xâ, merqowna toxme morq
eye çim çav čâš čaš, čam čēm čašm čašm
father pî, pêr, bawk, babî [7] bav dada, piya, biya dada ? pedar
fear (v) tersayen tirsîn purnē, târsē târsinē, tarsestē tarsē tarsesan tarsidan
flag ala [8] ala filak parčam ? ? parčam, derafš
food nan, werd xwarin xerâk xerâk xerâk xuruk xorâk
go (v) şîyen çûn šē šē šē šiyan raftan (šodan)
house keye, çeye [9][10] xanî ka ka ka ka xâne
language; tongue ziwan, zon ziman zivon zun zavon zuân zabân
moon aşme heyv / hîv mâng, uvešim mâng mang mung, meng mâh
mother maye, mare, dayîke, dadî [11] mak, dayik mua, mu, nana nana ? mâ, dēdē, nana mâdar, nane
mouth fek dev qav, gav ga, gav, ga(f) qar gar dahân, kak
night şew şev šav şaw šav šav šab
north zime, vakur [12] bakur kubasu šimâl ? ? šemâl
high berz bilind, berz [13] berz berz berj berenj boland
say (v) vatene gotin votē vâtē vâtē vâtan goftan
sister waye xwîşk, xwang huva, hova, ho xâlâ, xolo xâv, xâ xâhar
small qic, qij, wirdî biçûk, qicik ruk, gada ruk ruk velle, xš kučak
sunset rocawan, rojawan [14] rojava šânga maqrib ? ? maqreb
sunshine tije,[15] zerq tîroj, tav/hetav şefhaši âftâv ? ? âftâb
water aw, awk av uv, ôv âv âv âv âb
woman, wife cinî jin žēn žēn, žen yen, žen zanle, zan zan
yesterday vizêr duh/diho zina zir, izer zir, zer zir diruz, di

Tsù-káiSiu-kái

  1. "Talysh". Ethnologue (ēng Eng-gí). 2018-08-03 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. شباهت ها و تفاوت هاي تالشي گيلكي و مازندراني , Jahad Daneshgahi. (in Persian)
  3. Pirejko, L. A., 1976. Talyšsko-russkij slovar (Talyshi-Russian Dictionary), Moscow.
  4. Məmmədov, Novruzəli; Ağayev, Şahrza (1996). Əlifba — Tolışi əlifba. Baku: Maarif. 
  5. "Talysh". UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger (ēng Eng-gí). UNESCO. 2018-08-03 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  7. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  8. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  9. "Keye kelimesinin anlamı". 
  10. "Çeye kelimesinin anlamı". 
  11. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  12. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  13. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  14. "Encamên lêgerînê". 
  15. "Tîje kelimesinin anlamı". 

Ên-sin ua̍t-to̍kSiu-kái

  • Abdoli, A., 1380 AP / 2001 AD. Tat and Talysh literature (Iran and Azerbaijan republic). Entešâr Publication, Tehran, ISBN 964-325-100-4. (Phosu-gí)
  • Asatrian, G., and Habib Borjian, 2005. Talish: people and language: The state of research. Iran and the Caucasus 9/1, pp. 43–72 (published by Brill). (Eng-gí)
  • Bazin, M., 1974. Le Tâlech et les tâlechi: Ethnic et region dans le nord-ouest de l’Iran, Bulletin de l’Association de Geographes Français, no. 417-418, 161-170.
  • Bazin, M., 1979. Recherche des papports entre diversité dialectale et geographie humaine: l’example du Tâleš, G. Schweizer, (ed.), Interdisciplinäre Iran-Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie und Neuerer Geschichte, Wiesbaden, 1-15. (Tek-gú)
  • Bazin, M., 1981. Quelque échantillons des variations dialectales du tâleši, Studia Iranica 10, 111-124, 269-277.
  • Paul, D., 2011. A comparative dialectal description of Iranian Taleshi. PhD Dissertation: University of Manchester. https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/uk-ac-man-scw:119653 (Eng-gí)
  • Yarshater, E., 1996. The Taleshi of Asalem. Studia Iranica, 25, New York. (Eng-gí)
  • Yarshater, E., "Tâlish". Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 10. (Eng-gí)

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