I-su (i-seng, sensei; eng-gí: physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, simply doctor; hàn-gí: 醫師; li̍t-pún-gí: 医師, 先生) chìn-chêng kiò-chò sen-sei he̍k-chiá i-siⁿ, tō sī teh-chò i-ha̍k gia̍p-bū ê choan-gia̍p lîn-sū. In ùi gián-si̍p, chín-toàn, ū-āu, tī-liâu kok-chióng pēⁿ-chèng, chhòng-siong, sin-sim siū-sún; tì-sú ē-sái chhiok-chìn, ûi-chhî, kah hoe-ho̍k kiān-khong. I-su khó-lêng ê-kah i-ê chip-gia̍p tiōng-tiám khǹg-teh te̍k-tēng ê pēⁿ-chèng lūi-pia̍t, pīⁿ-hoān lūi-hêng, kah tī-liâu hong-hoat téng-koân. Tō kah choan-kho i-su, ia̍h-sī khó-lêng hū-chek ûi-tio̍h kò-lîn, ka-têng, siā-khu thê-kiong liân-sòa-sèng kap choân-bīn-sèng ê i-liâu pó-kiān ho̍k-bū, tō sī it-poaⁿ-kho i-su. I-seng chit-ê sû lāi-té ê seng sī kah li̍t-gí lāi-té e sen-sei kāng-khoán, lóng sī chun-kèng ê chheng-ho͘.
|Bêng-chheng||Physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor or simply doctor|
|I-ha̍k, health care|
|Chit-gia̍p ki-lêng||Lûn-lí-ha̍k, Gē-su̍t kah i-ha̍k ê kho-ha̍k, analytical skills, kah critical thinking|
|MBBS, MD, MDCM, DO he̍k-chiá DPM|
I-ha̍k choan-kho i-su
- In 1949, Fildes' painting The Doctor was used by the American Medical Association in a campaign against a proposal for nationalized medical care put forth by President Harry S. Truman. The image was used in posters and brochures along with the slogan, "Keep Politics Out of this Picture" implying that involvement of the government in medical care would negatively affect the quality of care. 65,000 Posters of The Doctor were displayed, which helped to raise public skepticism for the nationalized healthcare campaign.
- World Health Organization: Classifying health workers Ia̍h-bīn tshûn tóng pī-hūn. Source: Adapted from International Labour Organization, International Standard Classification of Occupations: ISCO-08 (www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/isco/isco08/index.htm).
- Bell, Whitfield J. "Medical practice in colonial America." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 31.5 (1957): 442-453 online.
- Hamilton, Bernice. “The Medical Professions in the Eighteenth Century.” Economic History Review 4#2 1951, pp. 141–169. online in Britain
- Holloway, Sydney WF. "Medical education in England, 1830–1858: A sociological analysis." History 49.167 (1964): 299-324. online
- Keevil, John Joyce. Medicine and the Navy, 1200-1900 (4 vol E. & S. Livingstone, 1957) on Royal Navy
- Porter, Roy. Disease, medicine and society in England, 1550-1860 (Cambridge University Press, 1995).
- Media related to Physicians指令碼錯誤：沒有「Preview warning」這個模組。 at Wikimedia Commons
- The dictionary definition of physician at Wiktionary
|Pún bûn-chiuⁿ sī chi̍t phiⁿ phí-á-kiáⁿ. Lí thang tàu khok-chhiong lâi pang-chō͘ Wikipedia.|