Thenbūn-1 (Then-būn 1-hō, Then-mn̄g 1-hō (TB-1, TM-1); Tianwen-1 (TW-1); 天問一號, (天問 (heavenly questions))) sī Tiong-huâ jîn-bîn kiōng-hô-kok tng-teh tsîng-hîng ê tsi̍t-hāng hué-tsheñ tàm-tshik (exploration of mars) līm-bū, tō-sī Tiong-kok hué-tsheñ tàm-tshik kè-uē ê tsi̍t-pōo-hūn.[14]

Thenbūn-1
Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover at IAC Bremen 2018 02.jpg
Zhurong hué-tsheñ-tshia ê iūñ-tshia teh tē-69 kái Kok-tsè ú-hâng tāi-huē (International Astronautical Congress) tén-tshut
Hō-miâ Huétsheñ-1 (火星-1) (2018–2020)[1][2][3]
Jīm-bū lūi-hêng Planetary science with an orbiter, lander and rover
Chhau-chok-chiá Tiong-kok kok-ka hâng-thian-kio̍k (CNSA)
COSPAR ID 2020-049A
SATCAT № 45935
Jīm-bû keng-kòe sî-kan 420kang ,23tiám-cheng ,9hun-cheng (since launch)
Orbiter: 2 Earth years (planned)
218kang ,15tiám-cheng ,58hun-cheng (since orbit insertion)
Rover: 90 sols (planned)[4]
Thài-khong-chûn sèng-chit
Thài-khong-chûn lūi-hêng Orbiter, Chiūⁿ-lio̍k-ki, rover, TW-1 Deployable Camera (TDC)
Chè-chō-chiá Tiong-kok kok-ka hâng-thian-kio̍k (CNSA)
Hoat-siā chit-liōng Total: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
Orbiter: 3,175 kg (7,000 lb)
Rover:240 kg (530 lb)
Chhùn-chhioh Rover: 2.6 m × 3 m × 1.85 m
Jīm-bū ê khai-sí
Hoat-siā ji̍t-chí 23 July 2020, 04:41:15 UTC [5]
Hóe-chìⁿ Long March 5
Hoat-siā tē-tiám Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site, LC-101
Chhéng-hù-chiá

Tiong-kok hâng-thian kho-ki tsi̍p-thuân (CASC)

Hué-tsheñ orbiter
Spacecraft component Thài-khong-chûn
Orbital insertion 10 February 2021, 11:52 UTC [6][7]
Hué-tsheñ lander
Spacecraft component Chiūⁿ-lio̍k-ki
Landing date 14 May 2021, 23:18 UTC [8][9][10]
Landing site Utopia Planitia [11]
25°06′N 109°54′E / 25.1°N 109.9°E / 25.1; 109.9 [12]
Hué-tsheñ rover
Spacecraft component Thàm-chhâ-chhia
Landing date 14 May, 2021 [13]
Landing site Utopia Planitia [11]

Tiong-kok tē-it-pái ka-kī tsú-tō huat-siā ê "Thian-bûn 1-hō" thàm-tshik-khì, teh 2020-nî 7-gue̍h 23-li̍t 12:41 hun iû tn̂g-tsing 5-hō ūn-tsài hué-tsìnn (CZ-5) uì hái-lâm tiong-kok bûn-tshiong hâng-thian huat-siā-tiûnn (WSLS) huat-siā sing-khong, sîng-kong sàng-zi̍p ū-tīng ê kuí-tō.[15] Thàm-tshik-khì teh tē-kiû tsuán-îkuí-tō hui-hîng tāi-iok 7 ko-gue̍h liáu-āu kàu hué-tsheñ hù-kīn, teh 2021-nî 20gue̍h tshe 10 uân-sîng hué-tsheñ póo-hi̍k liáu-āu tsìn-zi̍p huân-hué kuí-tō. Tsi-āu koh suán-ti̍k sî-ki tián-khui tio̍h-lio̍k, sūn-sī tíng-tíng ê hué-tsheñ kho-ha̍k thàn-tshik līm-bū.[16][17] I-ê tsik-tǐng bo̍k-piau tō-sī tshuē tong-tsiân kah kuè-khì sèñ-miā ê tsìng-kì, koh phîng-kóo hîng-tsheñ ê huân-kíng. Teh 2021-nî 5-gue̍h 15 pá-king sî-kan tíng-poo 7-tiám 18-hun,[9][10] then-būn 1-hō teh hué-tsheñ Utopia pēnn-guân lâm-pōo ū-suàn tio̍h-lio̍k-khū tio̍h-lio̍k.[18] In-tshú Tiong-kok tuì-teh Bí-kok kah Soo-lên āu-piah, sîng-uî sè-kài tē-3 ê sîng-kong teh hué-tsheñ tio̍h-lio̍k thàn-tshik-khì ê kok-ka.

Tsù-káiSiu-kái

  1. "中国火星探测器露真容 明年发射". 12 October 2019. 
  2. The Global Exploration Roadmap NASA International Space Exploration Coordination Group, January 2018   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. China's Deep Space Exploration Roadmap 2018
  4. "China Exclusive: China's aim to explore Mars". Xinhua. 21 March 2016. 24 March 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. Wall, Mike (23 July 2020). "China launches ambitious Tianwen-1 Mars rover mission". Space.com. 12 February 2021 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. "天问一号探测器飞行里程突破3亿千米" [Tianwen-1 Has Flown More Than 300 Million Kilometers] (ēng Chinese). 17 November 2020. 12 January 2021 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. Gebhardt, Chris (10 February 2021). "China, with Tianwen-1, begins tenure at Mars with successful orbital arrival". NASASpaceFlight.com. 10 February 2021 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. "我国首次火星探测任务着陆火星取得圆满成功". CNSA. goân-loē-iông tī 2021-05-15 hőng khó͘-pih. 2021-05-15 khòaⁿ--ê. 科研团队根据“祝融号”火星车发回遥测信号确认,5月15日7时18 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "天问一号成功着陆火星!". 2021-05-15. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "官宣!7时18分!"天问一号"探测器成功着陆火星". 2021-05-15. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Jones, Andrew (28 October 2020). "China chooses landing site for its Tianwen-1 Mars rover". Space.com. 16 November 2020 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  12. "China's 1st Mars rover 'Zhurong' lands on the Red Planet". 2021-05-15 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  13. "China is about to land its Zhurong rover on Mars". The same Chinese space watchers who revealed the impending descent also report that Zhurong will begin exploration on 22 May 2021 
  14. "中国火星天团首度亮相,明年向火星出发". 36kr.com. 2020-01-19 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  15. "天问一号探测器成功发射 火星终迎"中国来客"". 中国新闻社. 2020-07-23. 2020-07-23 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  16. ""天问一号":欲问哪些火星之秘?". 科技日报. 2020-07-24. Goân-pún bāng-ia̍h Pó-chûn tī 2020-07-24. 
  17. 邢斯馨. "天问一号探测器成功实施火星捕获 中国首次火星探测任务环绕火星获得成功". news.cctv.com. 2021-02-10 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  18. "祝融号火星车顺利发回遥测信号 我国首次火星探测任务着陆火星取得圆满成功". news.cctv.com. 2021-05-15 khòaⁿ--ê. 

Guā-pōo lên-ketSiu-kái