Bí-kok kok chiu ê chhiok-hō lia̍t-toaⁿ

Pún bûn-chiong sī Bí-kok koh chiu kiam Washington, D.C. ê koan-hong chhái-ēng he̍k-chiá thoân-thóng siōng liû-hêng ê "chhiok-hō" lia̍t-toaⁿ.

Lia̍t-toaⁿ

siu-kái

Chho͘-jī sī hiān-sî chhái-ēng ê koan-hong chhiok-hō.

Chiu Chhiok-hō kap ké-soeh
  Alabama
(Bô koan-hong chhiok-hō)[1]
  • Cotton Plantation State[2] – "Mî-hoe Chhân-hn̂g Chiu"
  • Cotton State[3] – "Mî-hoe Chiu"
  • Heart of Dixie[3][4][5] – "Dixie chi Sim", ēng ùi chhia-pâi téng, "Dixie" sī tùi Bí-kok lâm-hng koh chiu ê 1-khoán kiò-hoat
  • Lizard State[2] – "Sì-kha-chôa Chiu"
  • Yellowhammer State[3] – "Yellowhammer" sī chi̍t khoán tok-chhiū-chiáu, ha̍k-miâ Colaptes auratus
  Alaska
  • Land of the Midnight Sun[6] – "Pòaⁿ-mî Ji̍t ê Thó͘-tē"
  • Land of the Noonday Moon[6] – "Tiong-tàu Goe̍h ê Thó͘-tē"
  • The Last Frontier[6][7] – "Chòe-āu Chiân-hong", ēng ùi chhia-pâi téng
  • Seward's Folly[6] – "Seward ê Têng-á", William H. Seward sī í-chá Kok-bū Pō͘-tiúⁿ; "Folly" sī se-iûⁿ hoe-hn̂g chong-sek kiàn-bu̍t
  • Seward's Ice Box, Icebergia, Polaria, Walrussia, kap Johnson's Polar Bear Garden – chia kúi-ê miâ sī khah-chá Bí-kok kok-hōe teh thé-lūn Alaska Siu-bé ê sî-chūn kóng lâi làu-kéng--ê[6]
  Arizona
  • Apache State[8] – "Apache Chiu"
  • Aztec State[8] – "Aztec Chiu"
  • Baby State – "Ang-eⁿ-á Chiu", in-ūi Arizona sī Bí-kok sio-liân pō͘-hūn lāi siang bóe siat--ê[8]
  • Copper State[8] – "Tâng-á Chiu"
  • Grand Canyon State[8] – "Grand Canyon]] Chiu", 2011 nî khai-sí ēng tī chhia-pâi téng.[9]
  • Italy of America[8] – "Bí-kok ê Italia"
  • Sand Hill State – "Soa-lūn Chiu"[8]
  • Sunset State – "Ji̍t-lo̍h Chiu"[8]
  • Sweetheart State – chiàu ē-chi̍t hāng ké-soeh[8]
  • Valentine State – "Chêng-jîn-chiat Chiu", Arizona tī 1912 nî 2 goe̍h 14 siat chiu[8]
  Arkansas
  • Bear State[10] – "Hîm Chiu"
  • Bowie State[10] – "Bowie" sī chi̍t khoán to-á
  • Hot Springs State[10] – "Un-chôaⁿ Chiu"
  • Land of Opportunity[10], chìn-chêng sī koan-hong chhiok-hō, pat ēng tī chhia-pâi téng
  • The Natural State[10] – "Chū-jiân chi Chiu", ēng ùi chhia-pâi téng[11]
  • Razorback State[10] – "Soaⁿ-ti Chiu"
  • Toothpick State[10] – "Té-to Chiu"
  • Wonder State[10] – "Put-su-gī chi Chiu"
  California
  • El Dorado State[12] – "El Dorado" sī thoân-soat ê "n̂g-kim-siâⁿ"
  • The Golden State[13][14] – "N̂g-kim chi Chiu", ēng tī chhia-pâi
  Colorado
  • Buffalo Plains State[15] – "Iá-gû Pêⁿ-po͘ Chiu", bô koh leh ēng
  • Centennial State[16] – "Pah-chiu-nî Chiu", Colorado sī Bí-kok chhiam-tēng To̍k-li̍p Soan-giân liáu-āu chi̍t pah tang chiu-nî ê sî sin siat--ê.
  • Colorful Colorado[16] – kha-chá ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • Columbine State[17] – "Columbine" sī chi̍t khoán chāi-tē hoe chéng
  • Highest State[15] – "Chòe-koân-ê Chiu"
  • Lead State[15] – "O͘-iân Chiu", bô koh leh ēng
  • Mother of Rivers[18] – "Hô-chhoan chi Bú"
  • Rocky Mountain Empire[19] – "Rocky Soaⁿ Tè-kok", bô koh leh ēng
  • Rocky Mountain State[20] – "Rocky Soaⁿ Chiu", bô koh leh ēng
  • Silver State[15] – "Gîn-á Chiu", bô koh leh ēng
  • Ski Country USA[21] – "Bí-kok Ku̍t-seh Kūn"
  • Switzerland of America[22] – "Bí-kok ê Sūi-se", bô koh leh ēng
  Connecticut
  • Constitution State[23] – "Hiàn-hoat Chiu", ēng tī chhia-pâi téng
  • Nutmeg State[12]
  • Blue Law State[12]
  • Freestone State[12]
  • Land of Steady Habits[12]
  Delaware
  • Chemical Capital of the World[24] – "Sè-kài Hià-ha̍k Siú-to͘", in-ūi chē keng hòa-ha̍k kong-si ê chóng-pō͘ ùi chia
  • Corporate Capital – "Kong-si Siú-to͘", in-ūi chit chiu tùi seng-lí khì-gia̍p ê iu-thāi[24]
  • Diamond State – "Soān-chio̍h Chiu", Thomas Jefferson kóng--ê, ì-sū kong sió-sió m̄-koh chin ū kè-ta̍t[25]
  • Blue Hen State ia̍h Blue Hen Chicken State – "Blue Hen" sī chi̍t khoán ke-á phín-chéng[26]
  • The First State[24][27] – "Thâu-chi̍t Chiu", Delaware sī siāng chá thong-kòe Bí-kok Hiàn-hoat--ê, chit-ê miâ ēng ùi chhia-pâi téng
  • Peach State – "Thô-á Chiu"[24]
  • Small Wonder[24] – "Sió Kî-chek"
  Washington, D.C.
  • Nation's Capital[28] – "Kok-ka ê Siú-hú"
  • DMV[28] – "District - Maryland - Virginia" ê ì-sù.
  Florida
  Georgia
  • Peach State[30] –  ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Cracker State — khó-lêng lâi-chū kiò chò "crackers" ê î-bîn.[31]
  • Empire State of the South[32]
  • Yankee-land of the South[33]
  • Goober State — "Thô͘-tāu Chiu"[34]
  • State of Adventure – ēng tī kong-lō͘ ê hoan-êng khang-páng
  Hawaii
  • Aloha State – koaⁿ-hong tēng ê thong-sio̍k ("popular") hō-miâ[35], ēng tī chhia-pâi.[36]
  • Paradise of the Pacific[36]
  • Pineapple State[36]
  • Rainbow State[37]
  • Youngest State[36]
  • 808 State[38][39]
  Idaho
  Illinois[43]
  • Land of Lincoln[44]–  ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Prairie State[44]
  • Corn State[44]
  • Garden of the West[44]
  Indiana
  Iowa
  Kansas
  • Wheat State – í-chêng ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Home of Beautiful Women[47] – "Súi cha-bó͘ chi hiong"
  • Central State[12]
  • Sunflower State[12]
  Kentucky
  Louisiana
  • Creole State[12]
  • Pelican State[12]
  • Sportsman's Paradise – "Ūn-tōng-oân ê Lo̍k-hn̂g", ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  Maine
  • Vacationland – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Pine Tree State[49] (Co-official with Vacationland)
  • Lumber State[12]
  Maryland
  Massachusetts
  • Baked Bean State[54]
  • Codfish State (formerly represented on license plates by a codfish)
  • The Bay State[54]
  • Old Colony State[55]
  • Pilgrim State[54]
  • The Spirit of America – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • The People's Republic of Massachusetts (colloquial)
  • Taxachusetts (colloquial)[56][57][58][59][60]
  Michigan
  • The Great Lakes State – í-chêng ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • Winter Water Wonderland - "Kôaⁿ-thiⁿ ê Chúi Sian-kài", chìn-chêng ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • the Wolverine State[61]
  Minnesota
  • Gopher State[12]
  • Land of 10,000 Lakes – chhia-pâi ēng "10,000 Lakes"
  • New England of the West[12]
  • North Star State
  • State of Hockey[62]
  • Bread and Butter State[12]
  Mississippi
  • Hospitality State – í-chêng ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • Magnolia State
  • The Birthplace of America's Music – ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • The Bayou State[12]
  Missouri
  Montana
  • Big Sky Country – hiān-sî ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • The Last Best Place[64]
  • Treasure State – chìn-chêng ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  Nebraska
  • Beef State – chìn-chêng ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Cornhusker State - chìn-chêng ēng ùi chhia-pâi[65]
  • Bugeating State[66]
  • Blackwater State[12]
  • The Good Life – ēng-tī pian-kài khâng-páng
  Nevada
  • Battle Born State – Lōa-chiàn sî-kî ka-ji̍p liân-pang
  • Sagebrush State
  • Silver State – "Gîn-á Chiu", ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  New Hampshire
  New Jersey
  • Garden State – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • The Crossroads of the Revolution – pat ēng tī chhia-pâi téng
  New Mexico
  New York
  North Carolina
  North Dakota
  • Flickertail State – "Flickertail" sī chi̍t khoán phòng-chhí
  • Peace Garden State –  ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Rough Rider State
  • Sioux State
  Ohio
  • Buckeye State[26]
  • Birthplace of Aviation[73] – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • The Heart Of It All[74] (pat ēng tī chhia-pâi téng)
  Oklahoma
  • Native America – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  • Sooner State[75] – "Sooners" sī tùi khá-chá chi̍t tīn khui-khún-chiá ê chheng-ho͘.
  Oregon
  • Beaver State
  • Pacific Wonderland[76] – ē-tàng hông ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • Webfoot State[12]
  Pennsylvania
  • Keystone State[26] – pat ēng tī chhia-pâi téng.
  • Toll Booth State[77]
  Rhode Island
  • Little Rhody[26]
  • Ocean State – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  South Carolina
  • Palmetto State[26]
  • Sandlapper State
  • Iodine Products State[78] – bat ēng tī chhia-pâi téng, bô koh leh ēng.
  South Dakota
  • Artesian State[79]
  • Blizzard State[79]
  • Coyote State[79]
  • The Mount Rushmore State[80] 1980 nî chhái-ēng.[79]
  • Sunshine State[79]
  Tennessee
  • Big Bend State[81] – chí Tennessee Hô
  • Butternut State[81] — chí lōe-chiàn sî-kî pún-chiu peng-á chè-ho̍k ê sek-tī.
  • Hog and Hominy State[81]
  • The Mother of Southwestern Statesmen[81]
  • Volunteer State[81] – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  Texas
  • Friendship State[82]
  • Lone Star State[26][82] – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  Utah
  • Beehive State
  • Mormon State[83]
  • Friendly State[84] – pat ìn tī chhia-pâi téng.
  Vermont
  • Green Mountain State[26] – ēng ùi chhia-pâi
  Virginia
  • Mother of Presidents[12]
  • Mother of States[12]
  • The Old Dominion[26]
  • The Commonwealth
  Washington
  • Evergreen State[85] — "Siông-le̍k Chiu", hiān-sî ēng tī chhia-pâi
  West Virginia
  • Mountain State – "Soaⁿ Chiu", pat ēng tī chhia-pâi
  • Panhandle State[12]
  Wisconsin
(Bô koaⁿ-hong chhiok-hō)[86]
  • Badger State[12] – "Badger" sī chi̍t lūi Tiau-kho tōng-bu̍t
  • America's Dairyland[87][88][86] – "Bí-kok ê Leng-sán chi tē", ēng ùi chhia-pâi téng
  • The Copper State[89][90] – "Tâng Chiu", le̍k-sú sèng--ê.
  • The Forward State – "Chiân-hong Chiu", in-ê phiau-gú (motto) sī "Forward"
  Wyoming
  • Cowboy State – "Cowboy" sī Bí-kok chi̍t khoán choan-bûn khiâ-bé kò͘-gû ê lâng
  • Equality State – "Pêng-téng Chiu"
  • Forever West – ēng ùi kong-lō͘ hoan-gêng pâi-á téng

Chham-khó

siu-kái
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  87. Dornfeld, Margaret; Hantula, Richard (2010). Wisconsin: It's my state!. Marshall Cavendish. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-60870-062-2. 
  88. Urdang, Laurence (1988). Names and Nicknames of Places and Things. Penguin Group USA,. p. 8. ISBN 9780452009073. "America's Dairyland" A nickname of Wisconsin 
  89. Kane, Joseph Nathan; Alexander, Gerard L. (1979). Nicknames and sobriquets of U.S. cities, States, and counties. Scarecrow Press. p. 412. ISBN 9780810812550. Wisconsin - America's Dairyland, The Badger State ... The Copper State ... 
  90. Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Wisconsin Encyclopedia, American Guide. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 10. ISBN 9781878592613. Nicknames Wisconsin is generally known as The Badger State, or America's Dairyland, although in the past it has been nicknamed The Copper State. 

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